Japonism and Daruma


Japonism ジャポニスム and Daruma
Art Deco アールデコ

© Japonism by lotusgreen


by Leika Akiyama

an exhibition in all media
The art work displayed include: paintings, drawings, photography, sculptures and mixed media works. The theme, JAPAN-O-RAMA, encompasses everything from Japonisme to Hello Kitty. The show takes a look at the influence that Japanese iconography has had upon everything from pop culture to traditional Japanese art to contemporary art. From the glittery, neon- filled, chaotic chic of the Tokyo vibe to its subdued Zen minimalist, hyperindustrial architecture and design, the Japanese vision and creative nuances have quietly infiltrated the eyes of western artists and design aficionados throughout the world.

Ever since Japan opened its portals to the Western world in 1854, the effects of the encounter of Far Eastern and Western art has had an enduring legacy that is still alive in today's world of contemporary art. Simplicity and decadence, super modern architecture next to a 300 year old Shinto shrine, the land of the rising sun has also been viewed as the land of contradiction and duality.

Starting with Felix Bracqmond, an artist and a graphic designer, who first discovered Hokusai’s woodcut sketchbook series ‘Manga’ in 1856, an array of Western artists such as Degas, Manet, Monet, Gauguin, Van Goh, to name a few, eagerly began to study Japanese art and were seduced and mesmerized by the naturalistic forces of the Japanese aesthetic principles. This cultural pollination of Far Eastern and Western art gave rise to Japonisme, where western artists incorporated elements of Japanese aesthetics into their own art thus liberating themselves from their own traditional western style of training.

work by John P. Rodzvilla

Fast forwarding to the 20th century, Japan was experiencing extreme modernization and westernization especially during its economic resurgence in the 1960’s and the 1970’s. Japan became known for its cheap cars and plastic knick knacks, which coined the phrase ‘Made In Japan’ as a symbol of kitschy, not very well made plastic things. During this time students who graduated from prestigious Japanese art schools went to look for jobs as ‘professionals’ and found themselves becoming pioneers in a new genre of art which was the field of animation.

At first trying to mimic those of Disney animations, Japanese artists began to incorporate their own unique visions and began to create an original world of Japanese animation which we have come to know as Japanese anime. Early black and white animations were filled with incredibly complex story lines with giant robots and super heroes. Also it was during this time that Ultraman series was born and together with his nemesis Godzilla, revolutionized the rubber suit wearing super hero TV genre of the 1970’s.

Then in 1976, a cute gigantic white headed cat named Kitty-chan, or Hello Kitty was born. These icons of Japanese pop culture together with glossy Japanese packaging designs and candy wrappers began to infiltrate the minds and aesthetics of artists in the contemporary art world of today. Could this have been the second Japonisme? So in the end I hope the viewers will get a real panoramic view of the enduring Japanese cultural influence on western contemporary art as Hello Kitty sits side by side with Godzilla and Daruma the Buddhist monk in welcoming you to the bizarre world of Japan-O-Rama.

Partial quote from
© Copyright 1998. artSPACE@16. All Rights Reserved


Some QUOTES from

........................................ JAPONISM a BLOG

Stencil Library

rock-a-bye baby


some QUOTES from

........................................... Estampes japonaises, French BLOG

And finally one with a small Daruma in the corner at the right bottom



Publishers Bindings Online
The Art of Books 1815 - 1930

© 2005-2007, The University of Alabama


Japonaiserie: Discovery, Adoption, Assimilation and Creation

The Aesthetic Movement, Victorian Ceramics, and the Cult of Japan
The Cult of Japan and the Anglo-Japanese Style

Malcolm Haslam

The ceramics manufactured during the Aesthetic Movement emphasise many of its most significant aspects. The nature of the materials used and the comparatively simple technical processes involved made pottery an ideal outlet for the creative fervour of artists, both professional and amateur, which characterises the period. At the same time the established ceramics industry also responded to the clarion call of Art, and, in meeting the enthusiastic demand for the "Japanesque," entered its most original and spectacular phase of the nineteenth century.

The products of the potters, whether they emanated from the art-potteries or from the factories of Worcester and Stoke, were for the most part objects for contemplation, to adorn the mantelpiece or the ledges and platforms of the art-furniture cabinet, the most characteristic furniture form of the Aesthetic Movement.
© www.victorianweb.org / haslam

© www.victorianweb.org !!!!


Le Japonisme et son influence sur l’art français (1860-1900)
The discovery of a copy of the Japanese ’Manga’ by Felix Bracquemond in the 1850’s, had an enormous effect upon French art in the second half of the 19th century. Manet, Degas, Monet, Van Gogh and Toulouse-Lautrec were among the many artists who reacted in their own way to this new influence.
We shall look at the works of these painters to determine their individual response to ’Japonisme’.
source : www.ifecosse.org.uk


source : Books about Japonisme - amazon.com


Art Deco アールデコ

Deco Japan: Shaping Art and Culture, 1920–1945
Showcasing the spectacular craftsmanship and sophisticated design associated with both Japan and Art Deco style, this exhibition is the first in the U.S. to explore a little-known brand of pre-WWII modernism borne of competitive ingenuity and vivacious cosmopolitanism. Curated by Dr. Kendall Brown, Deco Japan: Shaping Art and Culture, 1920–1945 subtly conveys the complex social and cultural tensions in Japan during the Taisho and early Showa periods through dramatically designed examples of metalwork, ceramics, lacquer, glass, furniture, jewelry, sculpture and evocative ephemera such as sheet music, posters, postcards, prints and photography. The vitality of the era is further expressed through the theme of
the moga "modern girl")
--an emblem of contemporary urban chic that flowered briefly, along with the Art Deco style, in the 1920s and '30s.
source : www.japansociety.org

moga モガ


1998 Art Gallery of NSW

mobo moga モボモガ


Advertisements from Japan’s Golden Age of Art Deco

- source : www.openculture.com


Shiseido Modern Color Face Powder, 1932

- discussion of facebook - 2014


. Japanese Aesthetics エスセティクス -
Nihon no bigaku 日本の美学 .




Anonymous said...

Japonisme and the Rise of the Modern Art Movement: The Arts of the Meiji Period
by C.B. Liddell

There is an art to art collecting that involves quite different skills from those employed by artists. People tend to assume it’s all about rich people spending money, but, if that was all that was involved, collecting wouldn’t have half the attraction it does for those obsessed by it.

Japan Times

News said...

Bilbao Fine Arts Museum
Japanese art and japanism

The Palacio Collection of Oriental Art, put together by José Palacio between 1925 and 1932, became part of the Bilbao Fine Arts Collection in 1953 as a bequest from his heir María de Arechavaleta. It includes more than three hundred pieces, 221 of which belong to the section devoted to Japanese art, dating for the most part from the Edo period in the 18th and 19th centuries: paintings, prints, one of the finest European collections of tsuba (the hand-guards at the top of Japanese sword blades), inrô (small boxes with several compartments that hang from the belt of the kimono), suzuribako (bureau case), namban objects and ceramics for the tea ceremony. What makes the Palacio collection so interesting is the formal and artistic quality of the objets and their quite exceptional nature, this being one of the very few of its kind in the Basque Country.

Gabi Greve - Darumapedia said...

Japanese Aesthetics エスセティクス - Nihon no bigaku 日本の美学

Gabi Greve - Darumapedia said...

Iwamura Sadao
(1912 - 1944)

... the Teien Art Museum. This palace became a showcase of Art Deco design in Japan and featured the work of designers who combined many of the hallmarks of international Art Deco with Japanese approaches to craft.

Gabi Greve - Darumapedia said...

Legrand Paul Legrand ボール・ルグラン
elaborately decorated inkstand (1876)

Anonymous said...

Art Deco Japan
exhibition in Dayton, Ohio:

Shaping Art and Culture, 1920-1945
Following World War I, the world changed rapidly and was set against the pulsating beat of the jazz era. The period witnessed the rise of film, the advent of skyscrapers, leisurely air travel, and the modern girl with her cigarette, short hair and cropped skirts. Frivolity, luxury, and a sense of hopefulness pervaded the air. With the machine age came an emphasis on speed.

The art world responded with Art Deco, which found expression in its use of themes and appropriations of other art forms from cultures all over the world. Bold colors and designs from the graphic world of advertising found form on everything from house-wares to posters, fine arts to matchbox covers. By World War II, Art Deco had left its mark on almost every medium of visual art.


Gabi Greve said...

Deco Japan: Shaping Art and Culture, 1920–1945

January 29–April 24, 2016

This exhibition not only provides dramatic examples of the spectacular craftsmanship and sophisticated design long associated with Japan, it conveys the complex social and cultural tensions in Japan during the Taishô and early Shôwa epochs (1912–1945). In these pre-war and war eras, artists and patrons created a Japanese modernism that signaled simultaneously the nation’s unique history and its cosmopolitanism. The vitality of the era is further expressed through the theme of the modern girl, known in Japan as the modan gaaru or moga, for short—the emblem of contemporary urban chic that flowered along with the Art Deco style in the 1920s and 1930s.

The exhibition, which is organized and circulated by Art Services International, includes nearly 200 works drawn from the Levenson Collection, the world’s premier private collection of Japanese art in the Deco and Moderne style as well as 20th-century examples of metalwork in traditional styles. These pieces include sculpture, ceramics, lacquer, glass, wood furniture, jewelry, textiles, graphic design on paper, painting, and woodblock prints; they range from fine art objects made to impress the public at national art exhibitions to goods mass produced for the modern home. The exhibition combines a dynamic range of compelling objects with fresh scholarly perspective to pull viewers into this rich period in world history and visual culture.

Middlebury College Museum of Art