2014/12/30

Daruma Museum (02) ENTER

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Here are the latest additions to
. . . The Daruma Museum !


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. Contents A - C . - - - . Contents D - F .
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2014/12/29

Who is Daruma ?

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Who is Daruma ? What is Daruma?


"For centuries Zen masters have said that
Daruma is Zen.
Perhaps it would now be appropriate to say that Daruma is Japan.

In neither case is the definition fully explicable or applicable. Each is essentially a KOAN whose solution is acessible only to experience, not to rational analysis.
This is to assert finally that Daruma is one key to an authentic and rewarding experience of Japan and the Japanese people."


These are the final words of Prof. McFarland in his classic about Daruma in Popular Japanese Culture.

Koan and Haiku 公案と俳句




My very first laquer Daruma


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The Japanese Daruma Association
Zen Nihon Daruma Kenkyuukai 全日本だるま研究会

They publish a yearly magazine DARUMA NEWS with a lot of interesting subjects about Daruma art and monthly newsletters full of funny and serious details.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

Daruma News 18 : SHIKOKU special


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The Zen teachings of Daruma Daishi entered Japan during the Kamakura period, where he is revered as the First Patriarch of the Zen Sect.




Daruma Practising Zazen
for Nine Years in Front of a Wall

(menpeki kunen 面壁九年)


There are many renderings of Daruma figures, but what they want to express on the inside is always the same. It is the spirit of Daruma Daishi (about 5th Cent.), the eighth generation Great Master after Shakyamuni Buddha, founder of the Zen sect. Legend says that Daruma was born the third prince in a South Indian kingdom. He was of a sharp mind already as a child and followed the Great Master Prajnaatara, where he studied Buddhism intensly and carried on his tradition. He then took off to China to preach Buddhism, taking the sea road to South China. He was invited by Emperor Wu and expounded his wisdom for him. But the emperor did not understand the preachings of Daruma, so Daruma took off again, crossing the Yangtse River to the east and ended up in the Shaolin Temple near Loyang. He stood on some reeds when crossing the river, which leads to the famous iconographic rendering of
"Rush-leaf Daruma" (royoo Daruma 芦葉達磨).

Rush-Leaf Daruma (royoo) Daruma on a reed

Suusan 嵩山 was one of the five great centers of religious learning in China, so Daruma sat down in a cave at the foot of the mountain to practise Zazen Meditation for nine years. Later the folks of Edo imagined this long period of meditation, where his beard grew long, his legs withered away and his hands shriveled of no-use, rendering into the tumbler doll as we see him now.
The Zen teachings of Daruma Daishi entered Japan during the Kamakura period, where he is revered as the First Patriarch of the Zen Sect.

During the middle of the Edo period the famous Zen priest and painter Hakuin (白隠禅師 1685 - 1768) painted many simple impressive pictures to teach the townspeople of Edo who could not read.

Hakuin Ekaku ... 白隠 慧鶴 Hakuin Zenji

Menpeki Kunen, Wallgazing for nine years
Daruma and Meditation

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Daruma as a Drinking Companion (shukoshi 酒胡子) -
Daruma as the "Old man who never falls down"
(futoo-oo 不倒翁)

and the self-righting Tumbler Doll
(okiagari koboshi 起き上がり小法師)




The origin of papermachee dolls (hariko 張子) comes from China. During the Tang period (616 - 906) Chinese culture reached a pinacle. During that time there was the custom of using a wooden doll with a pointed base, which was like a spinning top. When the doll fell, it pointed to a person who had then to drink the next cup of ricewine or do a short performance. (Remember, the cups were really quite tiny.) Times passed and we reach the Meiji Period of Japan (1868 - 1912).

The Chinese Drinking Companion had changed to a Japanese papermachee doll and was now called "Old man who never falls down". This old man seemed to get healthier with the years and was the symbol of long life. Japanese travellers to China brought the Chinese dolls back as souvenirs, since they were light and easy to carry. Falling down and tumbling up again, this was so much fun that it soon turned into a toy for little children - the Tumbler Doll was born. It seemed to fit the parent's wish for children to grow up healthy and was a hit on the market. Going through many changes during time, the old man turned into Daruma as we know the doll today.

. . . CLICK here for Photos !


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From the Tumbler Doll (okiagari koboshi)
to the Tumbler Daruma

(okiagari Daruma 起き上がりだるま)




After the Period of the Warring States Japan reached a time of 300 years of peace under the Tokugawa regime. The Tumbler Dolls of papermachee、first made in Kyoto, soon reached the new capital of Edo. The inventive townspeople of Edo painted a big black beard on the face of the old man and a visiting priest came to say: "Well, if this is not the face of Daruma Daishi himself!"
The red robe was the traditional garb of a priest. Getting up after falling down was taken as a wish getting better for an ill person. It was also said that the stark red colour would ward off smallpox, so the red tumbler doll of Daruma would be the best present for a sick child.

This one blessing was soon followed by others and developed into "Falling down seven times, getting up eight times" (nanakorobi yaoki 七転八起), turning into a blessing for many generations of the family line, good business and others. Thus Daruma got a firm place in the heart of the Japanese people and seemd to work for the good of people with six heads and six arms. The faith in him grew steadily and soon the dolls were sold at the New Years fairs at many local temples and the tradition to paint one eye for a wish started. You had to buy a new one every year, so the tradition expanded and we have to thank the founder of the Zen Sect for all of this.


Nanakorobi yaoki 七転び八起き
seven times down, eight times up



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Why is the Tumbler Doll Daruma always of
RED color?




Red was the color of the robe of a high-ranking priest and since Daruma Daishi was the founder of the Zen Sect, he must have worn a red robe. The patterns painted in gold on the doll represent the Buddhist stole that a priest wore.

During the Edo Period, Daruma came to be seen by the townspeople as the healer of smallpox. Nowadays we have medicine to cure this illness, but in former times children suffered a lot from this and other diseases. It was believed that RED would ward off diseases, so the Red Daruma Doll with a threatening face became the preventor and healer of sickness. Modern medicine has found out that the color red really helps prevent smallpox!

But the Tumbler Doll Daruma is not always red. In Yamanashi Prefecture we have a white Daruma as a talisman for the silk industry and the healthy upbringing of children.

Akai ... 赤いRed Hoosoo 疱瘡 
.Smallpox, Red and Daruma



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Why are the eyes of a Daruma for Good Luck
(engi Daruma 縁起だるま) always white?





In the beginning, Daruma dolls always had eyes painted. But in the Kanto area around Tokyo, Daruma Dolls with white eyes were sold during the New Years markets. The person who bought it or the priest at the temple had to paint one eye and cast a wish and after the year was over and the wish had come true, the other eye was painted and the doll then burned in a consecrating bonfire at the temple at Years End. You then got a new one for the New Year and the circle begun again.

But why did the Daruma dolls not have eyes?
When the priest Daruma sat in a cave for nine years meditating, he had to fight sleepiness. He thought: "Because I have eyes, my eyelids fall over them and I start snoozing." So in a bold act he cut off his eyelids to keep awake. (The eyelashes, which he had thrown away, took root and turned into the tea bush to give us this wonderful wakening beverage, as legend knows!)
Another explanation seems more realistic. If you paint eyes on a Daruma Doll it gets some facial expression and if you are not a good painter, it might look akward or evil. So to sell your piece, it is a lot easier not to paint the pupils and leave the blame of facial expression with the customer when he paints the eyes himself.

The next step then was to cast a wish while painting an eye, then burn it after service time was over and buy a new one - who says they did not have good business ideas in Old Edo?! Daruma Dolls were very popular and the habit of getting a new one every year has stayed with us, as we can see at the many Daruma Markets during the New Years Season.
He is a real steady Long-Seller!


Me-ire - Painting Eyes for Daruma 達磨の目入れ
Daruma and his EYES

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Does the Beard and the Eyebrows of Daruma
have a Meaning?


The face of Daruma


http://ameblo.jp/darukyo/theme-10016537875.html

The face of a Daruma for Good Luck is usually painted with bold strokes for beard and eyebrows. The most traditional of this kind, the Takasaki Daruma (we will talk about him in a separate story) has eyebrows in the form of a crane and a beard in the form of a tortoise, both symbols for long life (see story about TSURUKAME).

Another explanation says the beard is like a pine tree, around the eyes we have bamboo and the nostrils represent the plum, altogether the tree auspicious symbols for long life (shoochikubai, shochikibai 松竹梅). On the sides and the belly of the doll, other spells for good luck, good business and a long family line are painted, so he is the epitome of Good Luck Symbols and that is maybe why he sold so well to the Edo townspeople.

The eyebrows and the beard are painted carefully with the brush and some even used real hair to create a beautiful male face (see story about HIGE DARUMA).


Tsurukame

. Daruma and his beard ひげだるま / ひげ達磨  


. "Three friends of Winter", Pine, Bamboo and Plum  


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Daruma - Does he have Arms and Legs or Not?


A normal tumbler doll of Daruma does not have any arms or legs. This shows the influence of the real Daruma Daishi sitting in long years of meditation where his legs shriveled and he cut off his arms since they distracted him, as legend tells. This little fellow with arms and legs hidden under his robe had to get up soon after he fell down and so captured the fancy of the Edo townspeople; he encouraged them and gave them hope for the future. But we have other dolls of Daruma with hands or legs from Shizuoka, Nagano or Okayama, which we will explore in a different story.


. TE 手.. The Hands of Daruma

. Jimotsu ... 持物 ... what is Daruma holding?  




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When and Why did Princess Daruma
(Hime Daruma 姫だるま) come to Life?




Daruma Dolls took as model the Indian Priest Daruma Daishi, who was obviously male. But in some areas of Japan we find a sweetlooking female Daruma Doll, the Princess Daruma. The most representative of these comes from Takeda in Kumamoto Prefecture.

Here is her story:
Once upon a time more than 300 years ago, there was the young girl Aya, wed into a Samurai family and thrown out of the house by her unfriendly mother in law on an icecold winter night. She had to stay in a shed braving cold and hunger for two days and was rescued by her husband just in time. The mother in law heard the story and came to see Aya, tears in her eyes and remorse for her harsh behaviour and from that day on the family lived happily together.
The diligence of Aya became the model for a tumbler doll in the fashion of Daruma, since he is the model for diligence too, meditating nine years in a cave.

We also have the story of a curtesan who commented about Daruam "Well, he was sitting in quiet meditation for nine years, but we here have to sit and suffer in the Noisy Pleasure Quarters for more than ten years!"
The painter Hanabusa Itchoo made a picture of the curtesan, which became the model of the Princess Daruma Dolls.

The Princess Daruma dolls where also bought as talismans when a baby girl was born to pray for her healthy upbringing.

Hime Daruma 姫だるま Princess Daruma

Oiran to Daruma 花魁と達磨 
Daruma and the Courtesans (geisha)



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Since when was Daruma used during an Election?



Before an election, you can see pictures of the cantidates with a huge Daruma, painting in one eye while wishing to win the election. On the belly of Daruma there are the characters: Certain Victory" (hisshoo 必勝). It seems the cantidates need this lucky charm to go through the election times, it gives us the feeling: Now its election time! But when was this custom started?

The earliest elections were in 1928 for the House of Representatives. A papermachee maker of Takasaki made a Daruma called the "God to Win the Election" and went around selling it. We do not know about the outcome of the election, but we know that during the election of 1930 the representative of Nagano City, Mr. Matsumoto, painted an eye on the face of a big Daruma with the characters "God of Good Luck" and put it up in his campain center, as was shown in a newspaper article of February 6th in Asahi Shinbun. And of course, he won the election! This success story made its way around Japan in no time and the custom was born.
We can only bow to the wonderous power of Daruma to bring good luck to people.

Hisshoo Daruma 必勝ダルマ
to win an election

(Hissho Daruma, Certain Victory)



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quote
Features of a Daruma doll




One of the most popular talismans of good luck in modern Japan is the armless, legless, and eyeless Daruma doll, or tumbling doll. It is made of paper mache, weighted on the bottom so it always stand up, even when pushed- symbolic of Bodhidharma's persistence in meditation.
This has the meaning of standing up positively even if failing, and has the meaning of reaching the objective.
Moreover, the design such as "pine bamboo plum" (sho-chiku-bai), cranes, and turtles assumed that the history is good from old times is given to the pattern of the face.

History of the Daruma doll
In about the 5th century, DARUMA - Father of Zen Buddhism - obtained realization at the end when he sat for nine years toward the wall, and the teaching was succeeded from generation to generation by apprentices, spread to China, and to Japan.
In 1697, Daruma-ji temple was founded by Priest Shinetsu here in Takasaki.
He drew the image of the DARUMA in zen meditation and it is distributed at the New Year of every year, and it is assumed that it is the start of the Takasaki Daruma doll.

Toward the end of the 18th century, Yamagata Goro carved the initial Daruma doll getting a hint from the type by Priest Togaku, and he put Japanese paper on it afterwards.

During the Meiji era when the sericultural industry of silk became active, a Daruma doll was requested to pray that the farmers were able to harvest a lot of silk threads. Afterwards, at the present age, the tumbling doll became necessary and indispensable as a guardian that people pray to for their business prosperity.

There is the Daruma-ji temple at the Mt. Shorinzan in Takasaki City, and a Daruma fair is held on the 6th and January 7 every year.
It is crowded with the people who buy the Daruma doll from the Japanese whole country.
© www.daruma.jp/about.

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WHAT
seems a nice way to put it.


Daruma is really quite a phenomenon here in Japan.

I always tell our visitors that he is
the most famous foreigner in Japan!

To get a glimpse at the scope, check out this long list of items I have been writing about in the culutral context of Japan:

Daruma Museum Japan
http://darumasan.blogspot.com/


If you have finished reading all of the above, you might have
a glimpse of the
Daruma Phenomenon in Japan.





. Haiku and Daruma

Daruma san (Darumasan, Bodhidharuma, Bodhidharma, Daruma Daishi, Dharuma, Dharma)  だるま 達磨 ダルマ ぼだいだるま 菩提達磨 だるまさん
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GOOGLE for more answers
WHO is Daruma ?


GOOGLE for more answers
WHAT is Daruma ?


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..... Books about Daruma だるまの本、大百科など


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My special Daruma reading the sutra

Zen and Daruma
have always been very close to me since my first steps in Japanese Archery (弓道) in 1977 in Kamakura. My first purchase was a huge seated Daruma statue (see top of this story), which had to spend a long time on our television set, since the house was so small. Now he got his promised space in our large farmhouse compound,
the Paradise Hermitage (GokuRakuAn 極楽庵)
in Okayama Prefecture, where we moved in 1995 and now have a real Daruma Museum.

Towards the end of 2001 I was lucky to encounter Mr. Kyobashi and his fantastic homepage (which unfortunately closed down in 2009), so I started to write some stories about Daruma myself. I intend to continue this with his valuable help and I want to take this opportunity to thank him very very much for his support.

Gabi Greve, January 2010

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. DARUMA - Father of Zen Buddhism .  
by my friend, Mark Schumacher


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Someone who seeks the Way doesn't look beyond himself.
He knows that the mind is the Way.
But when he finds the mind, he finds nothing.
And when he finds the Way, he finds nothing.
If you think you can use the mind to find the Way, you're deluded.
When you're deluded, buddhahood exists.
When you're aware, it doesn't exist.
This is because awareness is buddhahood.


- Bodhidharma


source : facebook


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2014/06/23

kurumaisu wheelchair

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kurumaisu 車椅子 wheelchair and Daruma

. Daruma Otoshi  だるま落とし だるまおとし .

This is an ancient Japanese game, consisting a Daruma doll in pieces, usually in the colors of the rainbow, with five pieces in total. (From Top to Bottom)

Head (Daruma face)
Blue
Green
Yellow
Red

The game is played by using a small hammer, and you must hit each of the colored pieces, from bottom to the top, without letting the pieces fall during the game.

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- quote
車椅子での使用も可能! だるま落とし



- source : lohaco.jp/product


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2014/01/30

Flat Daruma

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Flat Daruma



- quote

Flat Darumas win Japan Tourism Agency’s most fascinating souvenir

A souvenir made from plywood and cardboard called the KD Daruma (Knock-Down Daruma) won the most fascinating souvenir award given by the Japan Tourism Agency. The souvenir is a replica of the good luck talisman symbolizing the founder of the Zen sect of Buddhism, Bodhidharma.



Three firms from Takasaki City in Gunma Prefecture collaborated to produce the KD Daruma released by “occS”. The city is known to be the largest maker of daruma dolls and is the location of the “daruma temple” called Shorinzan. Daruma dolls are made from paper mache and painted a rich red, which are full of symbolisms despite its image as a toy. The KD Daruma uses flat pieces made by laser cutter to ensure the preciseness of the pieces.

- source : japandailypress.com


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2014/01/28

iPhone case

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iPhone case iPhone だるま
IーPHONEケース







source : www.shikandai.com/galler

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source : caseiphone.seesaa.net


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source : www.mars-inc.co.jp


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smartphone case スマートフォン用ケース だるま
source : hands-gallery.com/sho


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source : www.zazzle.co.jp

松山城と姫だるま Matsuyama Castle and Princess Daruma


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source : shopping.yahoo.co.jp/keitai-kazariya

CLICK for more samples !

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2014/01/04

Daruma no Sato

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Daruma no Sato ダルマの里 Daruma paradise
日本一怪しい公園


A park with all kinds of Monsters







Look at more here :
- source : kuroma.k-server.org/paradise/daruma


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2013/12/20

AKB48

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AKB48


- source : blogs.yahoo.co.jp/zero8gravity


- quote
AKB48
is a Japanese idol girl group. As of November 2013, the group has 89 members.
The girls range in age from early teens to mid-20s. Produced by Yasushi Akimoto, it is one of the highest-earning musical acts in the world, with 2012 record sales of over US$226 million in Japan.It has achieved such popularity in Japan that it has been characterized as a social phenomenon.

AKB48 is named after Akihabara (Akiba for short), the area in Tokyo where the group's theater is located. The idea of AKB48's producer Yasushi Akimoto was to create a girl group that, unlike a regular pop group, which gives occasional concerts and that is mostly seen on TV, would have its own theater and perform there on a daily basis; the fans would always be able to go and see the girls live. AKB48 still performs at the theater daily, with tickets distributed by lottery.
Akimoto has also expanded the AKB48 concept to several sister groups throughout Japan, and all over Asia.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !





AKB48 Homepage
- source : http://www.akb48.co.jp/

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2013/12/19

kinchaku bag

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kinchaku 巾着 drawstring bag、money pouch

some come with a bamboo bottom.


- source : www.face-p.com/30_TOKUSEN

to bring you good luck !

for takarabukuro 宝袋 "treasure bag"
and shinaibukuro 竹刀袋 - for bamboo sword, see below
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- quote
Kinchaku is a traditional Japanese purses or handbags. It is a small bag, typically with a drawstring.

Kin means fabric and Chaku means to put on. This small drawstring bag was invented to carry personal things such as money, one’s seal impression, a lucky charm, medicine, cigarette and cosmetics close to your skin. It also was used to carry Bento (lunch box) and utensils around.

In Edo Era, Kinchaku became a fashion icon in rich people and high-end Kinchaku were made by professional crafters by using leather, imported woolen cloth and silk. It was a primary accessory to carry around. When Meiji Period arrived, the life style gradually became westernized as Sakoku (locked country) policy has ended and foreigners were free to come into Japan and Japanese finally got permission from government to travel to oversea. People were rapidly fascinated with western cultures and the Kinchaku was replaced with other types of bags.
- source : www.designbyaika.com/sashiko


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- source : shopping.yahoo.co.jp/nadesiko/kazari

New Year Decoration and Good Luck !


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Daruma kinchaku bag, sold at the store
Echigoya in Edomura, Nikko

日光江戸村の越後屋さんでダルマさんの巾着袋を買いました。
source : ottaka.blog22

. Echigoya 越後屋 and Mitsui 三井 .

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. Bakuchi doogu 博打道具入れ gambling tools .


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- source : www.katsufujiya.com/

auspicious kinchaku for the New Year


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Photo from Nakamura Daruma san.

だるま巾着 Daruma Kinchaku sweets

. sweets from Kyoto .


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Nakatsu Town 中津市「くろかんくん巾着」kuro kan kun Kinchaku

In Memory of 2014
. Kuroda Kanbei Yoshitaka 黒田官兵衛 孝高 .


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CLICK for more samples!

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source : www.mingeijapan.com

- reference - kinchaku mingei bags


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takarabukuro 宝袋 the treasure bag
as an art movive



. Hotei 布袋 Pu-Tai with the treasure bag .

Hotei is also called the ”Deity with the Treasure Bag” 宝袋尊.

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This bag often comes alone as a symbol for good luck and good business. May all the money gather in this bag.


. maneki neko, manekineko 招き猫 beckoning cat .




This treasure bag of the cat helps to win the lottery !

. takarakuji 宝くじ lottery .


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. hariko 張子 papermachee dolls .



A tiger embracing the treasure bag.

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. tsurushibina つるし雛 / 吊るし雛 small hanging hina dolls .



May the girl always have money in her purse and have a rich heart to embrace all good and bad things.

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. Hookaiji no takarabukuro omamori 宝戒寺の宝袋お守り - treasure bag talisman .
wooden votive amulets 板守 from temple Hokai-Ji, Kamakura, Kanagawa

. omamori 御守り amulets and talismans .



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shinaibukuro 竹刀袋 cover for a bamboo sword

with Daruma design


source : store.shopping.yahoo.co.jp/marusei


- quote
Shinai (竹刀) is a weapon used for practice and competition in kendo representing a Japanese sword. Shinai are also used in other martial arts, but may be styled differently from kendo shinai, and represented with different characters.
Not to be confused with bokken.
The word "shinai" is derived from the verb shinau (撓う), meaning "to bend, to flex", and was originally short for shinai-take (flexible bamboo). Shinai is written with the kanji 竹刀, meaning "bamboo sword", and is an irregular kanji reading.
In kendo, it is most common to use a single shinai, sometimes called itto style. Some kendoka choose to use two shinai.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


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. Mingei 民芸 Japanese Folk Art .


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2013/12/01

Nengajo 2014

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Nengajoo 年賀状 New Year Cards 2014

2014 is the Year of the Horse.



. The Year of the Horse - 馬年 - Information .
Mark Schumacher

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. . . CLICK here for google Photos !


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. DARUMA - Nengajo of all years .





bright sunshine
on the first day -
welcome twenty fourteen !



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. WKD : Horse, Pony (uma 馬, ポニー) .

. bafunkaki 馬糞掻き, bafun tori 馬糞とり, bafun hiroi 馬糞拾い .
horse-shit collectors in Edo


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歌川広重 Utagawa Hiroshige (1797–1858)




尾形月耕 Ogata Gekko (1859-1920)

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Year of the Horse 平成14年 Heisei 14 - 2007




Year of the Horse 平成26年 Heisei 14 - 2014



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