2007/03/16

Cups yunomi

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Teacups 湯のみ yunomi



cup for sencha tea 煎茶 


First some basic Japanese language:
You eat rice out of a bowl called
"chawan", meaning "bowl for TEA".
And the direct translation of the word for
a teacup, YUNOMI, is "Drinking Hot Water".


yunomi chawan 湯呑茶碗(ゆのみちゃわん)

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For a while I was puzzled about this naming, but then I got a hint. More than 20 years ago in our first year in Japan, we got a visit from a German friend who was studying in Peking at that time.
"Would you like some tea or coffee?" I asked him after the first greetings where over. "Oh, a cup of hot water would be fine" he answered. "Hot water?" I replied puzzled. "Sure, in Peking everybody drinks hot water when thirsty. We students cant afford tea or coffee".

So that is why in former times the people where happy to drink hot water in winter and called the vessel to do so a "Drinking Hot Water" vessel. I will explain the naming of "chawan" for a rice bowl in the story about :

. Gohan Chawan ご飯茶碗 rice bowl  


I also remember being served lukewarm beer (no electricity in that part of the world) from a tea bowl in a small market place in China.

In former times, after the rice was eaten, you got a slice of takuan pickled radish to wipe the bowl clean and then some hot water was poured in for the final cleaning and drinking. This is still practised in many Zen temples serving formal food (shoojin ryoori).

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Daruma Museum Collection, Arita Pottery

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a guinomi-type for a Sushi Bar


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From temple Kawasaki Daishi
to ward off evil 厄除け












and a tokkuri for sake



With more samples:
source : tomuraya.co.jp


. Temple Kawasaki Daishi 川崎大師.


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quote
Robert Yellin writes:

The basic teacup is a yunomi. Almost all potters make them ranging from large production kilns to living national treasures. This being so, the prices are also wide-ranging, yet a fine yunomi can be found for less than 10,000 yen.

A Hagi yunomi is famous for going through seven stages of change and deepening in aji as more green tea is poured into it. That's how it is with most stoneware yunomi, unlike porcelain that really never changes even after the passing of centuries - how dull.

Some yunomi styles rank higher than others for various reasons, such as their ability to insulate or the coloration of the body, which enhances ocha's emerald-green color.

A white Shino yunomi, for example, with its thickly applied glaze, almost never feels hot to the touch and the splendid ocha color is clearly seen. In contrast, a Bizen yunomi is unglazed and quite hot to the touch. On top of that, the dark rusty brown Bizen clay makes it near impossible to observe shades of ocha green.

Yunomi are basically found in a tsutsugata (simple cylindrical shape). Recommended stoneware styles for yunomi are Hagi, Shino, Karatsu and Mashiko. Of course, porcelain yunomi are made, but like Bizen, they are very hot to the touch. What they do have going for them though is their milky-white bodies that allow the beauty of ocha's color to shine.

But so much is to be found in the common. As the Zen monk-poet Santoka said, "Truth is seeing the new in the ordinary." Or as one potter put it: "Yunomi can be used by anyone, regardless of age, and it is also the last item removed from the dining table. It is there at our sides for many hours during the day and brings us comfort."
source : Japan Times, May 2002



. Reference : Robert Yellin, www.e-yakimono.net


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Photo from my friend Ishino san.




from the collection of 木戸孝允 Kido Takayoshi 1833 - 1877)
- More Daruma items in this museum :
- reference source : yaplog.jp/maternise -

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湯呑・達磨 Guinomi DARUMA from Kutani
九谷古青窯(くたに こせいがま)/熊野商店


© PHOTO : www.kanazawarakuza.com


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From a kiln in Hokkaido, Noboribetsu
Noboribetsu yaki 登別焼「窯遊」







Photos from my friend Ishino san.


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Blue shaded Daruma cup / guinomi
ぐい飲み:蒼だるま


made by Keizo Hagihara




© 萩原啓蔵作品


External LINK
Round cup DARUMA

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Set of old tea cups

PHOTO from Ishino San

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More Tea Cups

ダルマ寿司湯呑 Used when eating Sushi







One More
small covered Daruma pot
十草赤丸紋ダルマむし碗


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福だるま
a Fuku daruma for good luck


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Coffe Cups from Starbucks

だるまタンブラー 2006 Tumbler





Starbucks wifi---
my haiku sent at
the price of a cup of coffee


Fred Masarani
- Joys of Japan, 2013




MORE : Cards from Starbucks





. Daruma Tumbler . だるまタンブラー Photos


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Mug Cups





Photos from Ishino San


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Daruma on a Kutani Cup
Diameter 5 cm



This is a cup for a child
made during and shortly after World War II


Photos from Ishino San

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H A I K U


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くちびるに湯呑みの厚み冬の夜  
kuchibiru ni yunomi no atsumi fuyu no yoru

with my lips I feel
the thickness of the tea cup -
winter night   


Ooi Gajin 大井雅人 (1932 - 2008)
born in Yamanashi : Ohi Gajin

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掛稲のすぐそこにある湯呑かな
kakeine no sugu soko ni aru yunomi kana

right next
to the mounds of rice -
this tea cup


. Hatano Soha (Sooha) 波多野爽波

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志野茶碗 Shino Tea Bowl



yuki no hiru Shino chawan ni nokorishi beni nuguu

noonday snow---
wiping lipstick
from a Shino tea bowl


. Yoshino Yoshiko 吉野義子 .
Tr. Donegan & Ishibashi, from their book, "Love Haiku"

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source : iimonya
tea bag with dolls


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tea cup with all the kanji for FISH
so you can study while feasting


. WASHOKU
Cha 茶 Tea Tee Chai



. Yakimono 焼物 Pottery .

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Cups with Kappa san !




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河童 / かっぱ / カッパ - Kappa, the Water Goblin of Japan .

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- #yunomi #teacup -
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1 comment:

Gabi Greve - Darumapedia said...

Guinomi with Daruma and moving eyes
目玉が動きます
.