2007/04/17

Clock (tokei)

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Daruma Clock だるま時計

A clock with a pendulum, that makes a little noise. And at the full hour, there is a melody. These clocks were introduced to Japan in the Meiji period.
Very soon, Japanese made their own clocks, with Japanese material. For example, the golden metal parts were made from wood and laquer.



Here are a few more !

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This is an old one from the late Meiji period, in an old inn of Japan.



© PHOTO Gyokusuiro


"掛け時計” 明治
Some more from the Meiji period !

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Here is a modern one, in the form of a Daruma Doll.


Photo from my friend Ishino.


and one more from Ishino san:



It contains a lot of lucky items of Japan.

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Kitchen Timer キッチンタイマー
マルちゃん「合格応援キャンペーン」



北海道スーパーマーケットダイエー・東洋水産共同企画
From a supermarket chain in Hokkaido

© Rikky 116

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NHK Bi no Tsubo File #42 掛け時計 Kakedokei

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shaku dokei 尺時計  Pillar clock



quote   
Pillar clock
Beginning in 1844 the calendar was revised to provide differing hour lengths for different parts of the year. Japanese clocks used various mechanisms to display the changing temporal hours. The most practical way was with a pillar clock, where the clock indicated time not on a clock face, but on an indicator attached to a weight that descended in a track. Movable time indicators ran alongside the track of the weight and its attached indicator. These indicators could be adjusted for the seasons to show the length of the day and nighttime hours. When the clock was wound, the indicator was moved back up the track to the appropriate marker.
This setup had the advantage of being independent of the rate of the clock itself.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !

. . . CLICK here for Photos !

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400年前の西洋時計再現へ レプリカ製作、静岡東照宮 - 久能山東照宮
source : news.nicovideo.jp

Work begins to replicate a 400-year-old clock

Work has begun at a shrine in Japan to replicate a 400-year-old clock that was a gift from a Spanish king to the warlord Tokugawa Ieyasu.

King Filipe III is said to have presented the clock to the founder of the Tokugawa shogunate in 1611 in gratitude for the rescue of the crew of a Spanish ship that wrecked off the coast of what is now Chiba Prefecture, near Tokyo.

The brass clock, believed to be made in 1581, is 10 centimeters wide and 21 centimeters tall. It is kept by Kunozan Toshogu Shrine in Shizuoka City and has been designated as an important cultural asset. The shrine is sacred to the memory of Tokugawa Ieyasu.

In 2012, the senior curator of the British Museum's Horological Section examined the clock and concluded that almost all its parts were without repairs or modifications. The clock is not moving now.

On Tuesday, a clock craftsman from London, Johan ten Hoveve, disassembled the clock at the shrine and cleaned about 100 of its parts. The expert will study and record the clock's structure in detail and then create a replica in London.

The chief priest of the shrine, Hidekuni Ochiai, said he hopes to display the replica together with the original in the shrine's museum.
- source : NHK news, May 13, 2014


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- quote
1) Introduction of mechanical clocks
The first mechanical clock is thought to have been brought to Japan by the Spanish missionary Francisco Xavier. Hoping to receive permission to preach in Japan, he presented the clock in 1551 as a gift to Ōuchi Yoshitaka (1507-1551), the daimyo of Suo (present-day Yamaguchi Prefecture). (from Ōuchi Yoshitaka's journal)

The oldest clock in existence today is a table clock presented by the Spanish king, Philip III, to Tokugawa Ieyasu in 1612. It is preserved at Kunōzan Tōshōgū shrine in Shizuoka City. These imported mechanical clocks had a huge influence on the development of Karakuri dolls. A particularly important figure is Sukezaemon Tsuda, who used the knowledge he gained from repairing these clocks to construct the first Japanese mechanical clock.

The first mechanical clock was made by Sukezaemon Masayuki. He was a member of the Sukezaemon Tsuda family, who were employed by the Owari clan for generations as watchmakers and blacksmiths. According to records kept by the Tsuda family, Masayuki manufactured the clock in 1598. After repairing a damaged mechanical clock which Tokugawa Ieyasu had received as a present from Korea, he constructed an identical clock and offered it to the shogun. This took place 47 years after Francisco Xavier brought the first mechanical clock to Japan.

As written in the Owari-shi (a periodical from the Owari territory): “These devices are called 'automatic ringing gongs' or tokei - 'time measuring devices.' Sukezaemon Tsuda of Tokiwamachi makes these (though officially called 'automatic ringing gongs,' 'tokei' appears to be the common name). A clock which Tokugawa Ieyasu had received from Korea broke during a period when a member of the Sukezaemon family was living in Kyoto. After a search throughout the capital for an individual capable of repairing the clock, The Sukezaemon craftsman was chosen, and he agreed to go to Sunpu to repair the clock. While doing so, he constructed a second clock and gave it to the shogun. For his service, he was awarded a place in Tadayoshi's court and went to live in Kiyosushi. He came to Owari when the shogunate relocated, and now resides here as a shogun-sponsored craftsman. In the past, time was measured using water clocks, but in recent years these have been replaced by mechanical clocks imported from abroad. They are convenient devices, but no one here knew how to repair them. Not only was Sukezaemon capable of repairing them, but he also built another clock and offered it to the shogun, a considerable feat. He should be considered the father of Japanese clockmaking” (Owari-shi, Volume 1, Aichi-ken Kyōdō Shiryō Kankōkai, p. 90).

In summary, after becoming an employee of Ieyasu, he moved to Kiyosushi with Tadayoshi. His descendants were employed by the Owari clan as watchmakers, eventually becoming the clan's official watchmakers and blacksmiths. Nagoya became a hub for the watchmaking industry, a trend which continued well after the Meiji era.
In Nagoya, there is a Karakuri doll clock tower commemorating the first clock made in Japan by Sukezaemon Tsuda. It is modeled on the wadokei, or Japanese clock design. (Wakamiya Ōdōri Park, Yabachō intersection, Karakuri Doll Cock Tower - Takanashi Seima)

Creation of the Japanese clock (wadokei)
The mechanical clocks brought to Japan at the end of the Muromachi period led to the development of an original Japanese style of clock in the Edo period. Thanks to the efforts of watchmakers inspired by the work of Tsuda Sukezaemon, Japanese watchmakers were able to adapt European clock design, which calls for the dividing of time into invariant fixed intervals, to Japanese timekeeping, which calls for different time intervals depending on the season. This required the invention of a timekeeping device with two timekeeping cycles, a mechanism for switching between them, a way of changing the intervals between the characters on the clock face, and a mechanism for switching between Akemutsu (dawn) and Kuremutsu (dusk) - in short, an escapement device for adjusting speed. Japan is the only place in the world where a mechanical clock with variable timekeeping intervals was invented. In order to distinguish it from European clocks, this kind of clock is called a wadokei, or Japanese clock.
- source : karakuri-tamaya.jp


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- - - H A I K U - - -

clock (tokei 時計) is a topic for haiku, so is time (jikan 時間)


時計から時間生るる冬の蝶
tokei kara jikan umaruru fuyu no choo

from the clock
time is born -
winter butterfly


Ochi Yusuke 越智友亮 (1991 - )


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夏館古き時計を疑はず 
natsu yakata furuki tokei o utagawazu

my home in summer -
I do not doubt
my old clock


Iwada Yumi 岩田由美
Tr. Gabi Greve


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秒針は働き者よ夏来る
byoshin wa hatarakimono yo natsu kitaru

the seconds hand
is always hardworking -
summer has come


Kajiyama Chizuko 梶山千鶴子


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大正の時計の鳴れるしぐれ窯
Taishoo no tokei no nareru shiguregama

a clock from the Taisho period
is ringing ...
Shiguregama


Tsutsui Jitoshi 筒井珥兎子


Taisho period 大正時代 (July 30, 1912 to December 25, 1926)
shiguregama 時雨窯 is the name of a pottery kiln in Fukui town.


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toki no kinenbi 時の記念日 (ときのきねんび)
. Time Memorial Day .



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1 comment:

sakuo said...

NHKの美の壷は良く見ています。大変面白く
役立つ番組ですね。
こんなsiteがあるとは気がつきませんでした。

sakuo